Graphic Organizers

Graphic organizers help create visual representations of the concepts found in reading. Organizers can help make ideas more clear and improve memory retention. Because students’ learning styles vary, it’s best to use a wide variety of graphic organizers.   These tools can be use before, during, and after instruction, providing both formative and summative assessments.  

PROCEDURE (begin by explaining and modeling):

  1. Choose which organizer works best for the text being read.  
  2. The teacher should always model how to use the organizer by providing an example from the text. 
  3. Students then read and complete the organizer. This may be done individually, with a partner, or in small groups.
  4. The teacher should review with the students their findings and ask them to summarize their ideas. 
  5. It’s best if the teacher closes the lesson encouraging students to use organizers that work best for them during future reading assignments. 

Resources and References:

Fisher, D., Frey, N., & Williams, D. (2002). Seven Literacy Strategies That Work.Reading and Writing in the Content Areas60(3), 70-73.

Goodman, A. (2005). The Middle School High Five: Strategies Can Triumph. Voices from the Middle13(2), 12-19.

Graphic Organizer - Music StudyGuide. (n.d.). Retrieved July 19, 2015, from