The K-W-L Strategy Chart (Ogle, 1986) involves three steps, easily applied to vocal music rehearsals. This chart helps students identify what they already know about something, what they want to know more about, and then what they have learned as a results of studying the topic.  This activity can use biographies of composers, paragraphs about styles, poems used as the basis of lyrics, or the history behind  a song and its origin.  

The teacher in this video models how to use a K-W-L chart in a classroom, but it could be modified for use in a music class. Notice how clear her directions are and how engaged the students remain during the activity. 

Below is another example of what K-W-L chart looks like visually.  

Procedure for Choral Application of K-(What We Know), W-(What We Want to Learn), and L-(What We Learned).

1. Share a Google Spreadsheet with a blank KWL chart and expain what the columns should include.

2. The teacher should model how to fill out one question.

3. Students pair to complete the KW columns.  After discussion about their responses, the students read, watch, or listen to the source material and complete what they learned. 

References and Resources:

Fisher, D., Frey, N., & Williams, D. (2002). Seven Literacy Strategies That Work. Reading and Writing in the Content Areas60(3), 70-73.

MHSchool: McGraw-Hill Music. (n.d.). Retrieved July 19, 2015, from http://www.mhschool.com/music/teacher/go/print_kwlchart_g2.html

Ogle, D.M. K-W-L: A teaching model that develops active reading of expository text. The Reading Teacher, 39(6), 564-570. 


KWL Chart